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埃及古城文物揭开贸易盛世面纱

来源:中国女性网 编辑:颖颖 点击: 次日期:2016-01-14
尼罗河女神石像 据香港《文汇报》12月28日报道,古埃及文明充满神秘色彩,英国大英博物馆发掘当年古城纳夫克拉蒂斯(Naukratis)的遗址,近日挖掘出约1万件文物,包括希腊船的木制
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尼罗河女神石像尼罗河女神石像

  据香港《文汇报》12月28日报道,古埃及文明充满神秘色彩,英国大英博物馆发掘当年古城纳夫克拉蒂斯(Naukratis)的遗址,近日挖掘出约1万件文物,包括希腊船的木制组件和埃及雕像,揭示出当时的繁华景象。大英博物馆馆长汤马斯指出,最新文物种类繁多,反映纳夫克拉蒂斯在古埃及时期贸易频繁、文化交流活跃,堪称国际都会,“犹如古埃及时代的香港”。

  纳夫克拉蒂斯位于尼罗河三角洲,希腊语意即“船的女主人”,当地属转口港,集散来自腓尼基、塞浦路斯、希腊及埃及的商品。纳夫克拉蒂斯遗址1884年首次出土,学者过去认为其面积仅约30公顷,文物大部分已受破坏,但最新发现显示纳夫克拉蒂斯占地约60公顷,仍具有丰富的考古价值。

  此次考古发现包括2间希腊庙宇遗址、大量希腊文碑文,还有埃及和希腊风格的厨具、双耳油罐 及节庆用具等。专家还发现多件希腊船的木制组件,印证当地是古埃及与地中海交流门户,推翻学者过去认为船只只在沿岸停泊的想法??脊叛Ъ夜兰颇煞蚩死偎?房屋普遍有3至6层高,是大型国际城市,估计有1.6万人居住。大英博物馆2016年将展出部分文物,专家也会继续查探当地人的生活细节。

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